Silver Moon Crystal Power Kiss!
Lunar names in Sailor Moon

As we all know, Sailor Moon features a number of lunar-based names. I’ve decided to compile a list of these names and their meanings.

Silver Millennium/Ginzuishou (Silver Crystal):

"Silver" is the color that is often used to describe the Moon; however, the color white is also used occasionally. This is because the color of the Moon ranges from anywhere from silver to white, and oftentimes a mixture of the two.

Luna:

Usagi’s guardian cat is named Luna. The word “Luna” (and variants, such as “Lune”) itself means “Moon” in several languages (including as Latin, Spanish, and French). In addition, the root “Luna” is used as an adjective to describe the Moon; some words include “lunar,” “lunate,” “lunatic,” and “lunation.”

Luna is also the name of an ancient Roman goddess who was the divine embodiment of the Moon. Her Greek counterpart was Selene.

Artemis:

Minako’s guardian cat is named Artemis. He’s named after the Greek goddess Artemis, one of the most widely-venerated Ancient Greek deities; she was one of the Twelve Olympians and resided on Mount Olympus. Artemis was the goddess of the Moon, the hunt, archery, and maidenhood. Unlike Selene/Luna, Artemis was not the embodiment of the Moon; it was merely associated with her.

Although Artemis is a male cat, he is named after a goddess; this is because, in most cultures, the Moon is seen as feminine (as opposed to the masculine or neutral Sun) and has goddesses/female deities associated with it. Humorously, in the second chapter of Codename: Sailor V, Minako teases Artemis for having such a girly name.

Diana:

The daughter of Luna and Artemis. Diana is named after the Italian goddess Diana, who was the goddess of the Moon, the hunt, wild animals, and birthing. Although Diana is equated with Artemis, she actually had an independent origin in Italy (although the two goddesses have much in common). Like Artemis, Diana was not an embodiment of the Moon but rather a deity associated with it.

Serenity:

The name “Serenity” seems to be a title passed down through the Moon Matriarchy; all three known members (Queen Serenity, Princess/Neo-Queen Serenity, and Small Lady Serenity) share this name. The name “Serenity” can have two separate meanings/origins, thanks to the “R” and “L” sounds being interchangeable in the Japanese language. 

The first meaning, Serenity, can be interpreted in a couple of ways. The word “serenity” itself means “The state of being calm, peaceful, and untroubled.” The Serenities seen in Sailor Moon always have an air of grace and poise around them, and rule over kingdoms that are peaceful, content, and untroubled by war or famine. Also, in the manga, it was stated that the Moon Kingdom was located on Mare Serenitatis, or the Sea of Serenity. It’s possible that the Serenities took their name from Mare Serenitatis. 

The second meaning, Selenity, comes from the Greek goddess and embodiment of the Moon, Selene. Selene fell in love with the mortal Endymion, which is where the names “Princess Serenity” and “Prince Endymion” come from. In both the anime and manga, Queen Serenity identifies herself as the being known as Selene (or Serene).

The Garnet Rod and Orb

First appearance: Act 19 (manga); Episode 75 (Garnet Rod), Episode 111 (Garnet Orb)

The Garnet Orb, Sailor Pluto’s Talisman, sits atop the Garnet Rod, a long, key-shaped staff. The Orb could be separated from the Rod, but they were usually attached. Unlike Sailor Neptune and Sailor Uranus, who only used their Talismans in times of need, Sailor Pluto always had the Garnet Rod with her as she needed it to preform her duties as the Guardian of Time and to generate her attacks. Using the Garnet Orb and Rod, Sailor Pluto could preform Dead ScreamTime StopDark Dome CloseChronos TyphoonGarnet Ball, and more. She could also use it to access the Door of Space-Time (hence its key shape).

In both the anime and manga, Sailor Pluto was always in possession of the Garnet Orb, unlike Uranus and Neptune, who had to search for their Talismans in the anime. In the anime, bringing all three Talismans together brought forth the Holy Grail; in the manga, however, this brought forth Sailor Saturn. 

In addition to its attacking and time-based properties, the Garnet Orb also displayed several other powers throughout the series. Setsuna had access to the Garnet Orb even when she was in her civilian form, and used it to show the Inner Senshi a vision of the Silence in episode 119. In the anime, it was also able to separate the Talismans from the Pure Heart Crystals they were hidden in, which allowed Uranus and Neptune to return to life. Finally, the Garnet Orb displayed a small degree of sentience; it would often warn Pluto of incoming danger and reacted to disturbances in the flow of time. When Setsuna was studying one of Tellu’s plants (which would suck the Pure Heart Crystal out of anyone who got too close to it), the Garnet Orb appeared and protected her before she could fall prey to the evil plant.

Other notes:

  • The three Talismans (the Space Sword, the Deep Aqua Mirror, and the Garnet Orb) are based off of the Three Sacred Treasures of Japan, which consist of the sword Kusanagi no Tsurugi, the mirror Yata no Kagami, and the jewel Yasakani no Magatama. Of the three, the jewel was said to represent benevolence.
  • There’s a reason why garnets are heavily associated with Sailor Pluto. In Japanese, the word for “Garnet” is 石榴石 (Zakuroishi); “Zakuro” means “pomegranate” and “ishi” means “stone”. If you’re familiar with Greek mythology, you’ll know that pomegranates have always been associated with the Underworld. The most famous myth involving pomegranates is the story of how Persephone came to be the Queen of the Underworld. Hades kidnapped her and took her to the Underworld, but her mother Demeter, goddess of agriculture and harvest, became so depressed that she refused to let anything grow. Hades agreed to let Persephone return to the surface world, but not before goading her into eating some of the pomegranates that grew in his domain. The seeds of the Underworld pomegranates bound Persephone to the Underworld forever, meaning that she would have to return there for several months out of the year. Therefore, whenever Persephone is above ground and with her mother, the Earth is fertile and in bloom. However, when she’s underground, Demeter mourns and the Earth is plunged into winter, a time when nothing grows. Sailor Pluto is the Solider of the Underworld and is named after the Roman name for Hades, making this association perfect. 
  • In the anime, although the Garnet Rod debuts when Sailor Pluto does, the orb on top of it looks quite different than the Garnet Orb that we come to know and love during the S season; however, from S onwards, the Garnet Orb’s design remains mostly consistent and in-line with its manga counterpart.
  • The Garnet Orb’s design could be inconsistent in the anime. This can be easily explained away thanks to the various errors and inconsistencies that come with animation.
Name meanings of the extrasolar planets in Sailor Moon

So the final arc of Sailor Moon, Sailor Stars, features a whole slew of new Senshi and, with that, new planets. I decided to make a post outlining the name meanings behind each one! If a picture of the planet exists, I’ll include it.

(Note: I wrote the name meanings behind the Sailor Animamates here if you’re interested! I’ll only be mentioning Heavy Metal Papillon here because she wasn’t in the original post.)

Kinmoku

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  • Home of: The Sailor Starlights and Princess Kakyuu/Sailor Kakyuu
  • Name meaning/significance: The phrase “Kinmokusei” (キンモク星; lit. “Kinmoku star”; meaning “planet Kinmoku”) is an elaborate pun on the plant that is known as “kinmokusei” (金木犀; meaning “golden osmanthus”), which refers to Osmanthus fragrans var. aurantiacus, a fragrant shrub in the olive family that is native to Asia. The plant is known in English by several names: golden osmanthus, sweet osmanthus, tea olive, or sweet olive. Golden osmanthus is known in Chinese as “dānguì” (丹桂; meaning “orange osmanthus”); these kanji are pronounced “tankei” (たんけい) in Japanese and make up the name of her dynasty. Naoko Takeuchi might have chosen this because there is a variation of the Rabbit on the Moon myth which involves an osmanthus tree (shamelessly copypasta’d from the Wikimoon article because there was no way I could articulate all of that myself). 

Chuu:

  • Home of: Sailor Chuu and Sailor Iron Mouse
  • Name meaning/significance: In the Japanese language, “chuu” is an onomatopoeia of the squeaking noise mice make (so if you didn’t know, that’s where the “-chu” in “Pikachu” comes from!). Fittingly, the Senshi there follow a mouse theme. 

Mermaid:

  • Home of: Sailor Mermaid and Sailor Aluminum Seiren
  • Name meaning/significance: Obviously, the planet is named after the mythological mermaid. Sailor Aluminum Seiren herself is primarily based on sirens, but, as mermaids and sirens overlap a lot in mythology, she also has quite a bit in common with mermaids. 

Coronis:

  • Home of: Phobos, Deimos, Sailor Coronis, and Sailor Lead Crow
  • Name meaning/significance: The inhabitants of Coronis are heavily associated with crows (Phobos and Deimos appear as crows throughout most of the series, only later revealing their humanoid forms, and they’re Sailor Lead Crow’s theme animal), so it’s fitting that the planet itself has a name that has a mythological connection to them. There were two women named Coronis in Greek mythology who were associated with crows. In fact, the word Coronis itself (Κορωνίς) means “crow.” The first Coronis was one of Apollo’s lovers; when she was pregnant with their child (Asclepius), she fell in love with another man. A white crow that Apollo had sent to guard Coronis informed him of her infidelity but Apollo, furious that that crow hadn’t pecked out the eyes of the other man, flung a curse at it that was so ferocious it scorched the bird’s feathers until they were pitch black (hence why all crows are black). The second Coronis was a princess who was being pursued by Poseidon (I think anyone familiar with Greek mythology knows what I mean by “pursued”). Terrified, she pleaded to Athena to save her, and the goddess complied by changing her into a crow so that she could finally evade Poseidon.  

Mau:

  • Home of: Luna, Artemis, Sailor Mau, and Sailor Tin Nyanko
  • Name meaning/significance: "Mau" was the ancient Egyptian word for "cat." All of the inhabitants of Mau have the ability to shapeshift between humanoid and cat forms.
  • Other notes: Mau is most notable for being the home planet of Luna and Artemis, who later fled their planet and took refuge in the Moon Kingdom, where they because Queen Serenity’s advisors. Their daughter, Diana, is technically not a native of Mau (as she was born on Earth), but she is the same species as her parents and can shapeshift just like they can.

Cocoon:

  • Home of: Sailor Cocoon and Sailor Heavy Metal Papillon
  • Name meaning/significance: This is the easiest one to explain. Cocoon’s inhabitants are modeled after butterflies, and caterpillars must wrap themselves in a cocoon before they’re able to transform into butterflies.
  • Other notes: “Papillon” is the French word for “Butterfly,” hence Sailor Heavy Metal Papillon’s name.

Lethe:

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(Connected with Mnemosyne)

  • Home of: Sailor Lethe
  • Name meaning/significance: Lethe was a river in Hades that was associated with forgetfulness. The dead drank from the river Lethe to forget their past lives. “Lethe” was also the name of a naiad who personified forgetfulness. Sailor Lethe herself was the Soldier of Oblivion and guarded the Desert River of Oblivion

Mnemosyne:

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(Connected with Lethe)

  • Home of: Sailor Mnemosyne
  • Name meaning/significance: Mnemosyne was also a river in Hades; however, unlike Lethe, anyone who drank from it would immediately regain their lost memories. Mnemosyne was also the name of Titaness who personified memory; after consorting with Zeus, she gave birth to the nine Muses. Mnemosyne herself presided over the river that shared her name.

Well, that’s all I have. Hope you enjoyed learning a bit more about the Sailor Moon universe!

Minako the Goddess

Something that’s very interesting about Minako/Sailor Venus is that, not only is she the character with the most mythological references to her namesake, she is the only character in the series to be called a goddess or anything divine.

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There’s also this fantastic panel, which states that the Silver Millennium version of Sailor Venus had the same origin as the mythical Aphrodite. 

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In Classical Mythology, Aphrodite/Venus was born when Uranus, the personification of the sky, was castrated by his son Cronus (aka Saturn). When his severed genitals dropped into the ocean, the foam from them gave birth to Aphrodite (hence her name, which means “foam-arisen”) while the Erinyes (or the Furies) were born from the blood that was spilled. Eventually, Aphrodite emerged from the foam of the sea, fully grown and floating on a scallop shell. 

While our Venus’s origin story presumably didn’t involve castration (hopefully, although knowing Minako…), her marine origin remains intact. In addition, a drop of the foam she was born from crystalized and turned into a gem, which was then revered as a Venusian treasure. 

So I have to wonder, which came first in the SM universe: The myths or the Senshi? I think that, during the Silver Millennium, the Senshi (as well as the other immortal inhabitants of the Silver Millennium) inspired Classical Mythology, and over time the myths began to take their own shape and deviate from the source material (especially after the fall of the Silver Millennium).

Fun fact: This is an allusion to the East Asian mythology of the Rabbit on the Moon. In the Japanese and Korean versions of this legend, the rabbit is said to be pounding the ingredients for rice cakes.

In fact, this is where Usagi gets her name! “Usagi Tsukino” means “Rabbit of the Moon.”

Fun fact: This is an allusion to the East Asian mythology of the Rabbit on the Moon. In the Japanese and Korean versions of this legend, the rabbit is said to be pounding the ingredients for rice cakes.

In fact, this is where Usagi gets her name! “Usagi Tsukino” means “Rabbit of the Moon.”

Senshi Blood Types

In Japan, there is a popular and common belief that a person’s blood type influences their behavior, characteristics, and compatibility with others (sort of like Western horoscopes but much more prevalent)

Type A

  • Characters with this blood typeAmi Mizuno/Sailor Mercury, Setsuna Meioh/Sailor Pluto, Seiya Kou/Sailor Star Fighter
  • Positive traits: Earnest, sensible, reserved, patient, responsible, quiet
  • Negative traits: Fastidious, unsocial, stubborn, tense, shy
  • Compatible with: A and AB 

Type B

  • Characters with this blood type: Minako Aino/Sailor Venus, Haruka Tenoh/Sailor Uranus, Yaten Kou/Sailor Star Healer
  • Positive traits: Wild, active, individual, creative, passionate, strong
  • Negative traits: Selfish, irresponsible, unforgiving, unpredictable, lazy
  • Compatible with: B and AB

Type AB

  • Characters with this blood typeRei Hino/Sailor Mars, Hotaru Tomoe/Sailor Saturn, Taiki Kou/Sailor Star Maker
  • Positive traits: Cool, controlled, rational, adaptable
  • Negative traits: Critical, indecisive, standoffish, forgetful, “split personality”, selfish
  • Compatible with: AB, B, A and O

Type O

  • Characters with this blood typeUsagi Tsukino/Sailor Moon, Chibiusa/Sailor Chibi Moon, Makoto Kino/Sailor Jupiter, Michiru Kaioh/Sailor Neptune
  • Positive traits: Agreeable, sociable, optimistic, artistic, passionate
  • Negative traits: Vain, rude, jealous, arrogant, chatterbox
  • Compatible with: O and AB

I’ve got an interesting tidbit to share!

In the famous Japanese folktale of Princess Kaguya (aka The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter), the titular Kakyuu would weep when she saw the moon because it reminded her of her true home on the moon. She had to go back there as she was its Princess, and wanted to go back, but at the same time she was torn because she dearly loved her adoptive parents and knew how crushed they would be once she returned.

I’m probably overanalyzing but considering that the legend of Princess Kaguya ties in quite a bit to the series (and not just in the second movie) it wouldn’t surprise me if they added this as a nod to mythology!

Did you know? (#35)

In the Sera Myu musicals, there was an additional Sol System Senshi named Sailor Astarte. She is based off of (and is actually the incarnation of) the ancient Phoenician goddess Astarte, who was the goddess of fertility, sexual love, and war. She corresponds to the Babylonian and Assyrian goddess Ishtar and later became identified with the Egyptian Isis, the Greek Aphrodite, and others. 

Sailor Astarte’s attacks included Solomon Jihad and Solomon Birth. She only appeared in Kessen/Transylvania no Mori - Shin Toujou! Chibi Moon wo Mamoru Senshi-tachi and its revision, Saikyou no Kataki Dark Cain no Nazo. Sailor Astarte also seems to correspond with a minor planet that shares the same name.

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I really wanna do another Sailor Moon Mythology post again

(my list of already completed mythologies is here)

Who/what should I do next?

My Sailor Moon Mythology posts thus far
Sailor Moon Mythology: The Talismans and the Imperial Regalia of Japan

In Mythology:

The Imperial Regalia of Japan, also known as the Three Sacred Treasures of Japan, consist of the sword Kusanagi no Tsurugi (草薙劍), the mirror Yata no Kagami (八咫鏡?), and the jewel Yasakani no Magatama (八尺瓊曲玉?). The regalia represent the three primary virtues: valor (the sword), wisdom (the mirror), and benevolence (the jewel). 

According to legend, these treasures were brought by Ninigi-no-Mikoto, legendary ancestor of the Japanese imperial line, when his grandmother, the Sun Goddess Amaterasu, sent him to pacify Japan. Traditionally, they were a symbol of the emperor’s divinity as a descendant of Amaterasu, confirming his legitimacy as paramount ruler of Japan. When Amaterasu hid in a cave from her brother Susanoo, thus plunging the world in darkness, the goddess Ame-no-Uzume hung the mirror and jewels outside the cave and lured her out of the cave, at which point she saw her own reflection and was startled enough that the gods could pull her out of the cave. Susanoo later presented the sword Kusanagi to Amaterasu as a token of apology; he had obtained it from the body of an eight-headed serpent, Orochi. (via Wikipedia)

In Sailor Moon

In Sailor Moon, the talismans were three mythical items held by Sailor Uranus, Sailor Neptune, and Sailor Pluto. They were very powerful artifacts and acted as source of power for each respective Senshi. The three talismans were the Space Sword (Uranus), the Deep Aqua Mirror (Neptune), and the Garnet Orb (Pluto). In the anime, they were hidden in Pure Heart Crystals and the search for them was a major plot point during the first part of the S season. When brought together, they summoned the Holy Grail. In the manga, however, each Senshi was already in possession of her talisman at the start and bringing them together summoned Sailor Saturn instead of the Holy Grail.

Similarities

Of course, the similarities are obvious given that the talismans were based on the Three Sacred Treasures. The Space Sword was based off of Kusanagi no Tsurugi, the Deep Aqua Mirror was the equivalent of Yata no Kagami, and the Garnet Orb was Yasakani no Magatama. 

The attributes associated with the Sacred Treasures also seem to match with each Senshi. The sword represented valor, and Sailor Uranus has proven time and time again to be immensely courageous and fearless in the face of danger, most notably in battle. The trait associated with the mirror, wisdom, fits Sailor Neptune like a glove. She often used her mirror to see things that she cannot and to reveal truth. With wisdom comes the truth, and Neptune would often use this to her advantage in battle. And finally, the characteristic connected with the jewel, benevolence, perfectly fits Sailor Pluto. She acts as a loving protector to Chibiusa and tirelessly watches over the Door of Space-Time, ensuring that time remains safe and guarding it with her life. She also acts as a trusted ally to the Inner Senshi, even at times when her other companions didn’t.

Sailor Moon Mythology- The Inner Senshi’s final attacks

Mercury Aqua Rhapsody

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  • Background: Ami learned how to use this attack in episode 151. To use this attack, she materialized a harp out of water and strummed it, causing water to blast towards the enemy. In the manga, she needed the Mercury Harp to preform this attack.
  • Mythological significance: The harp Mercury uses in this attack resembles a lyre, which was said to be an invention of the god Hermes, aka Mercury.

Mars Flame Sniper

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  • Background: Rei attains this attack in episode 152. To preform it, she summons a bow made out of fire and makes an arrow using the energy of the flames. She then shoots one or multiple arrows at the target. In the manga, she needed the Mars Arrow to use this attack. 
  • Mythological significance: Mars’s bow is a reference to Mars, the god of War. He was also occasionally associated with fire. His son with Aphrodite, Cupid, also carried a bow an arrow. In addition, mikos (Shinto priestesses, which Rei is) were well-known for their archery and occasionally exorcised demons with arrows. 

Jupiter Oak Evolution

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  • Background: Jupiter obtained this attack in episode 154. To use this attack, Jupiter twirled around and sent leaf-shaped blasts of energy at her opponent. In the manga, she needed the Leaves of Oak to use this attack. 
  • Mythological significance: In Roman mythology, the oak tree was sacred to Jupiter and one of his symbols. Jupiter also wears a crown of oak leaves to preform the attack in the manga.

Venus Love and Beauty Shock

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  • Background: Venus learned this attack in episode 154. To use it, she would wink and blow a kiss which then formed into a golden heart of energy. She would toss it and it multiplied into many hearts which spun around here before converging into one heart again before flying towards the target. In the manga, Venus needed the Love Whip to utilize this attack.
  • Mythological significance: Venus was the Roman goddess of love and beauty. She was so beautiful that any man who saw her (and some women) would fall hopelessly in love with her, so in a sense they were immobilized by love, which is what Minako’s attack does. Hearts are also the universal symbol of love so it’s fitting they would be used in this attack.
Did you know? (#10)

In ancient Greek mythology, Chaos was the abyss, the confusing nothingness that was the only thing in the universe before the gods and Titans emerged from it. This Chaos was neither good nor evil, rather it was just the ultimate expression of nothingness and the antithesis of Cosmos. Cosmos was used to refer to order, hierarchy, and symmetry; the antithesis of Chaos.

In the final chapter of Bishoujo Senshi Sailor Moon, we are introduced to two new characters; Chaos, the embodiment and cause of all of the suffering, disorder, and despair throughout the galaxy, and Sailor Cosmos, the future Sailor Moon who spends her life fighting against it.

Sailor Moon Mythology- Phobos and Deimos

In Greek Mythology

DEIMOS (or Deimus) was the god (daimon) of fear, dread and terror, and his twin-brother PHOBOS (Phobus) of panic fear, flight and battlefield rout. They were sons of the god Ares, who accompanied their father into battle, driving his chariot and spreading fear in their wake. As sons of Aphrodite, goddess of love, the twins also represented the fear of loss. (via)

In Sailor Moon

We are introduced to Phobos and Deimos in Rei’s very first appearance. They are two crows she has an affinity for and who live with at Hikawa Shrine. It’s apparent that Phobos and Deimos are more than your average crows from the get go; they are able to detect evil (and attack it) and protect Rei when she is in danger. Rei is shown to love the crows very much, having known them since her childhood (in the manga, it’s revealed that soon after Rei went to live with her grandfather, two crows appeared to her and “told” her their names were Phobos and Deimos) and they were often her only source of companionship before meeting the rest of the Senshi (as seen in the R movie). Their role stops here in the anime, but in the manga, it is revealed that Phobos and Deimos are in actuality two (very cute) sprites from the planet Coronis (also home of Sailor Lead Crow) who can freely switch their forms between humanoid sprites and crows. They are the guardians of Princess Mars (Rei’s Princess form).

Similarities 

Unfortunately, there are few similarities to be found between the Phobos and Deimos of Sailor Moon and Greek Myth, because Takeuchi in all likelihood named the duo after Mars’s moons and not after the mythological figures themselves. However, the mythological Phobos and Deimos often accompanied their father Ares (AKA Mars) into battle and were very loyal to him. Likewise, Rei’s guardians, Phobos and Deimos, are extremely loyal to their Princess (Mars) and are always with her under the guise of crows.

Sailor Moon Mythology- Venus

silvermoon424:

In Greek/Roman myth:

Venus was a Roman goddess principally associated with lovebeauty and fertility, who played a key role in many Roman religious festivals and myths. Venus is the equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphroditeshe was born when Saturn cut off Uranus’ genitals and threw them into the sea, and from the sea foam arose Venus.  Myrtlesdovessparrowshorses, and swans are sacred to her. (Taken from Wikipedia)

She was perhaps the most beautiful goddess of all and was desired by all. She was married to Vulcan (Hephaestus), but carried out countless affairs, most notably with Mars (Ares), the passionate god of war. Although she was very beautiful and sought to help many with their love lives, Venus was also very petty and jealous goddess who refused to let any other woman be as beautiful as her. 

In Sailor Moon:

Sailor Venus, aka Minako Aino, was the fifth and final addition to the Inner Sailor Team, although she was actually the very first to awaken. Sailor Venus uses light and energy based powers, many of which connected to love. Minako awakened a full year before Usagi and fought crime under the codename, Sailor V and even starred in her own series before Sailor Moon. Her parter is the cat Artemis. Even though Minako is fun-loving, hyper and a bit scatter-brained, she never fails to lead the other senshi in a crisis.

Similarities:

*whistles* In my opinion, out of all the mythological references for the Senshi, Minako takes the cake. Here are just a few examples of references found in the series, most of which from Codename: Sailor V:

This is just the references I could find on short notice! Codename: Sailor V seems to actually imply that she is the incarnation, or avatar, of Venus herself. Minako often refers to herself as the “goddess of love”, but this may very well be just a saying or catchphrase she has developed, not actually naming herself Venus. 

Venus was incredibly beautiful and was stated to have long blond hair. Minako is also very beautiful and is blond. Venus had a myriad of affairs and love interests, and Minako has had countless crushes, probably as a reference to this myth. Venus had a long-lasting affair with a youth named Adonis. In Codename: Sailor V, a youth named Adonis was in love with Sailor Venus. Venus was the goddess of love and beauty, and one of Sailor Venus’s titles is “Soldier of Love and Beauty.” Also, Sailor Venus’s final and most powerful attack “Venus Love and Beauty Shock” is a reference to this. Another thing I picked up that might be mythology related is the fact that Minako and Rei are best friends in the manga; perhaps this is in reference to the love between Venus and Mars.

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